Also called by the names hyperdactyly and polydactylism, polydactyly is a human congenital physical anomaly marked by supernumerary toes or fingers. This type of disease is sometimes associated with other diseases or congenital anomalies. Its prevalence rate is one in every 500 births. Aside from these interesting details, it is good to find something about the history of this medical condition including who discovered polydactyly.
The Discovery of Polydactyly
Who discovered polydactyly? Based on reports, a certain individual named Tyler Steven Hayden is credited for the discovery of this type of medical condition. The problem is usually caused by mutated genes, which eventually lead irregular developmental patterning. Polydactyly is one of the many features of a syndrome of congenital anomalies.
Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details
Today, many famous people are polydactyls. One of them is Hound Dog Taylor, an American blues singer and guitarist whose real name was Theodore Roosevelt Taylor. Another interesting individual with this medical condition is Sid Wilson, who works as turntablist for the heavy metal band Slipknot. After his birth, he had extra digits on his feet and hands. The extra digits were dead, which made it very easy to remove after he was born.
Another famous person with this condition was Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a Japanese daimyo who lived during the Sengoku period, a tumultuous time between the mid-15th century and the start of the 17th century. Reportedly, he unified Japan at that time. Additionally, there is also Gemma Christina Arterton, an English actress who starred in motion pictures such as “Three and Out,” “RocknRolla” and “Quantum of Solace.”
A West Indian cricketer named Garfield Sobers is also a polydactyl. Based on reports, he had an extra finger each for each hand. When he was still a child, he removed them by himself using a sharp knife and catgut. A music hall comedian called Little Tich, whose real name was Harry Relph also had this condition. Jazz pianist Hampton Hawes was born with six fingers on every hand. However, his parents had them removed surgically after he was born.
Another famous person with polydactyly is Antonio Alfonseca, who plays as a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. He plays for the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball as part of the Lancaster Barnstormers. He also played for the Philadelphia Phillies, Texas Rangers and Atlanta Braves. Based on reports, he has an extra digit on each hand and another on his foot. In addition, Bollywood actor Hrithik Roshan has supernumerary thumb, particularly on his right hand.