Pneumonia is a very painful disease that affects many people worldwide. It directly affects the lungs, causing them to be inflamed. It is classified into various types, some of the most common of which are parasitic pneumonia, viral pneumonia as well as bacterial pneumonia. Most of the time, patients suffering from this medical condition show signs like breathing difficulty, fever, chest pain and cough. Aside from these highly important things, it is also good to know a little bit of its history including who discovered pneumonia.
The Discovery of Pneumonia
Who discovered pneumonia? An ancient Greek physician named Hippocrates was the very first one to describe this serious respiratory disease. He lived from 460 B.C. to 370 B.C. He was considered one of the most important individuals in the history of medicine. Furthermore, his contributions are so significant that he is considered until now as the father of medicine. After him came Maimonides, who lived from 1138 to 1204 A.D. He described the other basic symptoms of the disease, namely serrated pulse, short rapid breaths and sticking pain in the side.
Additional Facts and Other Interesting Details
There are many different types of pneumonia. These include eosinophilic pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia and severe acute respiratory syndrome. Other interesting variations of the disease are opportunistic pneumonia, necrotizing pneumonia as well as dust pneumonia. Some of the highly visible signs of this infectious disease include shaking chills, high fever and yellowish or greenish sputum.
In some cases, patients experience headaches, cough up blood and muscle aches. After undergoing physical examination, some individuals show signs like low oxygen saturation, increased respiratory rate as well as low body temperature. In terms of causes, the disease is widely connected to a variety of different factors including irritants, microorganisms and other unknown causes.
The common causes of viral pneumonia are metapneumovirus, adenovirus and respiratory synctial virus. Other possible causes of this type of disease are cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus and influenza virus. For bacterial pneumonia, the usual culprits are Legionella pneumophila, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae. Likewise, the same goes for Moraxella catarrhalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Fungi can also cause pneumonia, such as the case of Pneumocystis jiroveci, Cryptococcus neoformans and Histoplasma capsulatum.
Proper diagnosis is highly important especially in managing this disease. Some of the medical procedures that are helpful in the identification of this disease are liver function tests, complete blood count and chest x-ray. To fight bacterial pneumonia, doctors usually recommend the use of antibiotics like vancomycin, aminoglycosides and carbapenems. For viral pneumonia, the most common medications available are amantadine and rimantadine. For aspiration pneumonia, the possible options are aminoglycoside, metronidazole and beta-lactam antibiotic.