Myocardial Infarction, more commonly referred to as heart attack, occurs when there is lack of oxygen in some parts of the heart due to insufficient blood supply.
The most common cause of myocardial infarction is blocked artery or arteries of the heart which impedes blood supply thereby resulting in oxygen not being pumped properly through the heart.
This cycle causes heart cells to die, which in turn results in a heart attack.
Who Discovered Myocardial Infarction?
Studies show that heart disease was first discovered as early as 1550 B.C. by early Egyptians. Scrolls and papyri discovered back in the 1800s contain documentations enumerating how the early Egyptians detected heart diseases and cardiac failure, proving that as early as the 15th B.C., people were already being treated for myocardial infarction.
Furthermore, there were details included in the scrolls where certain surgery procedures including operating on the chest indicate that indeed early Egyptians were already knowledgeable about heart diseases.
Detailed medical exams performed on patients, diagnosis for heart diseases and treatments were all found written on the scrolls.
Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction
People who have gone through a heart attack would often feel nauseous, out of breath, would sweat profusely, suddenly become anxious or restless for no apparent reason, palpitate and vomit prior to the heart attack.
A searing pain emanating from the chest spreading throughout the left arm or neck is also often experienced prior to having a heart attack. On the other hand, there are people who have sudden heart attacks without experiencing all or any of the symptoms listed here. These are referred to as silent heart attacks.
Conditions that Aggravate Risks of Myocardial Infarction
There are a number of factors that increase your risk of having a heart attack. The two most common factors are unhealthy eating habits and smoking. Arteries are blocked due to fat build-up resulting from poor eating habits.
Excessive intake of foods high in fat not only causes high blood pressure but also increases your risk of having a heart attack. Lack of physical activity is also a risk factor.
If you have other medical conditions such as diabetes, you are also at a higher risk of myocardial infarction. Family history of heart disease such as Ischaemic Heart Disease also increases your chances of myocardial infarction.
Men, aged 45, are more exposed to heart attacks while women’s risk factor increases at age 55.
Stress is also a big factor in myocardial infarction.
A change in lifestyle, including eating habits, losing weight for overweight or obese people and doing regular exercises can greatly decrease your chances of having a heart attack.