Also called epidemic parotitis, mumps is a common disease that affects numerous people all over the world. Even after the introduction of a special vaccine to help control this viral disease, it continues to inflict pain and discomfort to many individuals, specifically on those who are living in third world countries. In addition to the possible causes, symptoms as well as treatment for this condition, it is interesting to know more about its history including information on who discovered mumps.
The Discovery of Mumps
Who discovered mumps? Based on historical accounts, an American pathologist by the name of Ernest William Goodpasture was the one who discovered mumps virus in 1934. One of the major signs of this medical problem is the swelling of the salivary glands, which is accompanied by pain. Although the symptoms are not severe in children, it can lead to subfertility or infertility to men and teenage males. Aside from him, a certain C. Johnson is also credited for the discovery of the mumps virus.
Additional Facts and Other Important Details
It is very easy to identify individuals who are suffering from mumps because they exhibit clear signs. Some of the symptoms of this viral disease are headache and fever. Likewise, it is very much possible for patients to experience a painful inflammation of the testicle or orchitis. In addition, at least 60 percent of patients are bound to have parotitis or parotid inflammation. Additional signs and symptoms include loss of voice, sore face and dry mouth.
To help confirm the presence of the disease in some individuals, patients need to undergo any of the different diagnostic tests and procedures available. With the help of physical examinations, it is very easy to identify swollen glands. In some cases, medical experts test the blood or saliva of suspected patients. Aside from these, they can also rely on the results of polymerase chain reaction technology.
Generally classified as a contagious disease, it can easily transfer from one specific person to another. Other possible means of transferring this illness include kissing, sharing drinks and sharing food. As of today, there is no definite treatment available against this medical problem. However, patients can easily relieve themselves from the different symptoms by applying heat or ice to the neck area.
For the management of pain, doctors usually recommend the use of paracetamol/acetaminophen. Other possible things that patients can do to help reduce pain and discomfort include drinking extra fluids, eating soft foods and gargling warm salt water. Mumps can also serve as a clear indication of other possible diseases like encephalitis, pancreatitis and oophoritis.