Breast cancer is one of the deadliest diseases today that greatly affects women. It is classified into various types depending on the genetic makeup, aggressiveness and stages. When patients are provided with the best treatments available, they have a 10 percent to 98 percent of surviving this serious disease. In addition to all these important details, it is interesting to know something about the history of this illness including who discovered breast cancer.
The Discovery of Breast Cancer
Who discovered breast cancer? Based on historical accounts, the Egyptians are credited for the discovery of this serious medical condition. This type of cancer was described in the Edwin Smith Papyrus, which is a copy of a trauma surgery textbook from Ancient Egypt. The copy said that there was no definite cure for such disease during that time, which was managed during that period by cauterization.
In the 17th century, a Scottish surgeon named Benjamin Bell and French surgeon Jean Louis Petit were able to perform major breakthroughs in relation to breast cancer treatment. They became the very first individuals to remove underlying chest muscle, breast tissue and lymph nodes.
Additional Facts and Other Important Details
Breast cancer is classified based on a number of different aspects. These include the stage of a tumor, protein and gene expression status as well as pathology. There are numerous risk factors for this disease such as endocrine disruptors, radiation and tobacco use. Other primary factors include obesity, alcohol intake and high-fat diet. In terms of causes, this type of cancer is often a result of various hereditary and environmental factors. There is a higher chance for individuals to acquire such disease if they have inherited DNA repair gene defects, abnormal growth factor and genetic mutations.
Screening is a very important part of breast cancer management because it serves as the very first step in solving the disease. Basic procedures needed to help identify the problem include clinical breast exam, x-ray mammography and genetic testing. If these are not enough, other tests may be performed such as magnetic resonance imaging. At home, it is possible to perform breast self-examination to help determine the different symptoms of this serious health problem.
For the treatment of breast cancer, surgery plays a very important role. In addition to this procedure, patients are usually recommended to have adjuvant hormonal therapy. For advanced stages, medical experts always go for chemotherapy to treat the disease.
To help prevent this medical problem, it is best to maintain a healthy and active lifestyle. Avoidance of alcohol, weight loss and regular exercise can help reduce the risks of this disease. The same thing goes for avoidance of environmental pollutants, toxic chemicals as well as the dietary inclusion of cruciferous vegetables.