Also referred simply as angina, angina pectoris is a serious medical condition that affects many people all throughout the world. Patients usually experience severe pain in the chest area, mainly due to the lack of supply of oxygen to the heart muscle. Some of its common symptoms include pallor, vomiting and nausea. It is good to learn more about this serious medical condition including who discovered angina pectoris.
The Discovery of Angina Pectoris
Who discovered angina pectoris? The people living in 6th century B.C. India recorded and described the concept of heart pain first as part of ayurvedic medicine, which referred to angina pectoris. It was mentioned a number of times in the Sanskrit redaction text entitled the Sushruta Samhita.
Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information
Aside from chest discomfort, patients suffering from angina pectoris usually experience squeezing sensation, tightness and heaviness. Likewise, pain is very much felt in other body parts like the shoulders, jaw and neck. Most of the time, emotional stress and exertion can trigger the onset of this serious medical condition.
Risk factors include high cholesterol, diabetes as well as cigarette smoking. In addition, family history, sedentary lifestyle and high blood pressure are also related to this disease. There are two main types of angina, namely unstable angina and stable angina. The latter is connected to myocardial ischemia.
Diagnosis is very important in managing heart diseases. One of the basic procedures needed to provide a proper diagnosis of the problem is electrocardiogram. Other helpful tests to help identify the problem are thallium scintigram and stress echocardiography. To help determine the nature of the coronary lesion, medical experts commonly use coronary angiogram.
Approximately, there are 6.3 million people in the United States affected by this disease. The more people increase their age, the greater their chances to have this serious medical condition. More often than not, women have angina as a symptom of coronary artery disease rather than men. Just like all the different types of coronary heart disease, angina is less common in third world countries. Risk factors like obesity and smoking contributed to the rapid rise of people suffering from angina.
People treat angina because they want to prevent future events of heart attacks. Another goal behind this important thing is to slow the progress of the disease. Likewise, patients who are under treatment tend to be less affected by the symptoms of this uncomfortable disease. For chronic stable angina, doctors recommend different types of vasodilators such as nicorandil, isosorbide mononitrate and calcium channel blockers.