Diabetes, which is scientifically referred to as diabetes mellitus, is a severe medical condition that affects many people from almost all parts of the world. Common symptoms of this disease include increased thirst as well as frequent urination. Aside from its symptoms, causes and treatments, it is also quite interesting to look at other relevant details about the disease including who discovered diabetes.
The Discovery of Diabetes
Who discovered diabetes? Historical records show that diabetes has been recognized by the Egyptians way back to 1500 B.C. The ancient Greek physician named Aretaeus of Cappadocia coined the term ‘diabetes.’ Some time in the 1600s, the urine of patients who suffered from this particular type of disease was described as sweet. Later on, the term ‘mellitus’ was added by English doctor Thomas Willis in 1675. German scientist Oskar Minkowski and German physician Joseph von Mering successfully described the connection between the pancreas and diabetes.
Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information
The three major types of this disease are gestational diabetes, type-1 diabetes and type-2 diabetes. The first type is closely associated to pregnancy. Even without history of diabetes, women can still acquire the disease because of high levels of sugar in their bodies. Meanwhile, the second type deals with the inability of the human body to produce insulin naturally. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of diabetics in the U.S. suffer from this type of diabetes. Insulin resistance causes the third type of this disease.
The common signs of patients with type-1 diabetes are irreducible mental fatigue as well as quick but significant loss of weight. Factors that contribute to the onset of type-1 diabetes are environmental exposure to some drugs or chemicals, stress and certain types of viral infections. Besides these factors, there are also certain hereditary conditions closely associated with the disease such as Friedreich’s ataxia and myotonic dystrophy.
Diagnosis is a very important part of managing the disease. When left undiagnosed, this condition can result to worse results such as neuropathy, stroke and heart attack. Other possible complications of this serious medical problem are hypoglycemia, fungal infections as well as poor wound healing.
In terms of treatment, no drug has been invented to treat completely this disease. However, there are drugs that can help manage this serious condition. Some of the things that can help ease the suffering of patients are dietetic support, patient education as well as sensible exercise. Acute complications of diabetes include respiratory infections, hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis. On the other hand, chronic complications include diabetic myonecrosis, peripheral vascular disease and stroke.