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Who Discovered Neon?

Who Discovered Neon?
Represented by the atomic number 10 and the symbol Ne in the periodic table, neon is another important chemical element with many practical applications. Under standard conditions, it is described as an inert and colorless noble gas. When used in neon lamps and discharge tubes, this element produces a unique reddish-orange color. Aside from these interesting details, it is also good to know something about its history particularly who discovered neon. The Discovery of Neon Who discovered neon? In 1898, English chemist Morris W. Travers and Scottish chemist William Ramsay discovered this all-important chemical element in the City of London in England. Aside from neon, they were also credited for discovering krypton and xenon. Ramsay chilled an atmosphere sample, which he then liquefied and warmed. As the liquid boiled off, he captured the gases and found three different elements, namely neon, xenon and krypton. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information Years after the...

Who Discovered Mercury?

Who Discovered Mercury?
Mercury, be it the element or the planet, is quite elusive when it comes to its discoverer. But at least, as far as who discovered mercury the element is concerned, there’s a name worth mentioning. The First Unnamed Discoverers The Babylonians, among the first people groups of early civilization, is credited to be the first to put on record the use of the element mercury. This was some 3000 years ago when it was mixed freely with other products. It was then sometimes added in creams and ointments in dangerous proportions because it was not yet known then as a chemical element. At times poisoning was the result. The discovery of mercury as an element was in the 18th century. Incidentally, at about the same time, also 3000 years ago, the Sumerians discovered the planet Mercury. Like the Babylonians who discovered mercury and put in many records but not as an element, the Sumerians recorded the planet mercury quite a lot. It could be said that both element and planet had probably started...

Who Discovered Fractals?

Who Discovered Fractals?
Benoit Mandelbrot is usually credited with discovering fractals in 1975. Mandelbrot was the one who invented the word. He was also the first to represent them visually. But some facts about fractals were known to mathematicians as far back as the 17th century. Early Fractal Research A fractal can be described as a pattern that is repeated at every scale. It cannot be replicated by classical geometry. The concept of self similarity was first brought up by the philosopher and mathematician Lebinz in the 17th century. It wasn’t until 1872 before a function appropriate to be termed a fractal came into being. Karl Weierstrass showed an instance of a function that was continuous but could not be differentiated. This definition was improved upon by Helge von Koch in 1904 when he defined it as a Koch curve. A study of the facts about fractals will show it is now called the Koch snowflake. In 1915, Wallow Sierpinski created a triangle and a carpet. In 1938, Paul Levy came up with another fractal...

Who Discovered Magnesium?

Who Discovered Magnesium?
Considered as one of the most abundant elements in our body, magnesium is an alkaline earth metal that plays an essential role in the functioning of biological polyphosphate compounds such as DNA, ATP and RNA. This element is also important to plant growth because it is the chlorophyll’s center. Aside from these, the element has other medical, agricultural and industrial uses. To know more about this element, it is best to start with the history of the discovery of magnesium. Historical Background Who discovered magnesium? Based on records, the metal was extracted and discovered in 1808 in England by Sir Humphry Davy. He extracted the element from the mixture of mercury oxide and magnesia with the use of electrolysis. Davy named the element magnium, however, it was later on called magnesium by other scientists. Even if Davy was credited for the discovery of the alkaline earth metal, Epsom salt, a compound form of the element was already used by a farmer in the country to heal rashes as...

Who Discovered Oil?

Who Discovered Oil?
Nowadays, we use different types of oil – for cooking, maintenance of vehicles, and for other things. But where did this really start? Who discovered oil? A Part of Human History Ever since the start of recorded history, it was known that oil was already part of man’s existence. Earliest records point to about two hundred million years in the past before the dinosaurs roamed the lands. But there were no actual records of the first person or group who discovered oil. Some sources of oil come from animal fat. That is why no one is sure whether the oils used during ancient times actually refer to animal fat or the ones that can be found under the ground. Ancient Writings Early Greek writings show how oil was already a necessity. It was used to set fire to the fleets of enemies. Its thicker version, named as “Pitch,”was also used as a waterproof blocker for Noah’s ark and the basket where the baby Moses was said to have been placed. Also, oil was used by American Indians during their...