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Who Discovered Albinism?

Who Discovered Albinism?
Generally considered as a hypopigmentary congenital disorder, albinism is also called by other terms like achromatosis, achromasia or achromia. More than anything else, this condition is known for the insufficient melanin pigment that usually affects various body parts, specifically the hair, skin and eyes. Besides human beings, it also affects various kinds of animals including reptiles, birds and fishes. In order to learn more about this interesting medical condition, it is good to know other basic facts about it including who discovered albinism. The Discovery of Albinism Who discovered albinism? Despite the claims of earlier historians that Aulus Gellius and Plinius Secundus the Elder were the first individuals to have observed such condition, its discovery as a disease was credited to Archibald Garrod. He discovered the disease some time in 1908. He observed patients, particularly those with symptoms like hypersensitivity to light, eye misalignment as well as abnormal decussation. Additional...

Who Discovered Pneumonia?

Who Discovered Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a very painful disease that affects many people worldwide. It directly affects the lungs, causing them to be inflamed. It is classified into various types, some of the most common of which are parasitic pneumonia, viral pneumonia as well as bacterial pneumonia. Most of the time, patients suffering from this medical condition show signs like breathing difficulty, fever, chest pain and cough. Aside from these highly important things, it is also good to know a little bit of its history including who discovered pneumonia. The Discovery of Pneumonia Who discovered pneumonia? An ancient Greek physician named Hippocrates was the very first one to describe this serious respiratory disease. He lived from 460 B.C. to 370 B.C. He was considered one of the most important individuals in the history of medicine. Furthermore, his contributions are so significant that he is considered until now as the father of medicine. After him came Maimonides, who lived from 1138 to 1204 A.D. He described...

Who Discovered Ribosomes

 Who Discovered Ribosomes
Known as complexes of protein and RNA present in cells that have nuclei, ribosomes are important to the process in the genetic code expression called translation. These RNA complexes are responsible for messenger RNA (also known as mRNA) binding. Aside from this, it is also important to make the appropriate amino acids sequence. To know more about the functions and characteristics of the protein complexes, it is best if we start with learning the truth behind the discovery of ribosomes. Historical Background Who discovered ribosomes? The RNA complexes were observed and discovered by cell biologist from Rome George Palade in the mid-1950s with the use of a high-powered electron microscope. Because of his discovery, Palade received the Nobel Prize. However, the name was given in 1958 by scientist Richard B. Roberts. Palade identified ribosomes when he and collaborator Philip Siekevit analyzed the molecules that are connected to the endoplasmic reticulum in 1955. The two scientists found that...

Who Discovered Treacher Collins Syndrome?

Who Discovered Treacher Collins Syndrome?
Marked by craniofacial deformities, Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. Some of its symptoms include conductive hearing loss, small lower jaw or micrognathia and downward slanting eyes. In addition, patients may also experience malformed ears, drooping lower eyelids as well as underdeveloped zygoma. In addition to its symptoms, causes, and treatments, there are other interesting things to know about this disease including who discovered Treacher Collins syndrome. The Discovery of Treacher Collins Syndrome Who discovered Treacher Collins syndrome? An English surgeon named Edward Treacher Collins discovered this medical condition in 1900. During that time, he was able to describe the essential traits of the disease. He was also an ophthalmologist. One of his widely recognized works was entitled “Researches into the Anatomy and Pathology of the Eye,” which was released in 1896. The prevalence of this condition is one in every 10,000 births. Additional Facts and Other...

Who Discovered Myocardial Infarction

Who Discovered Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial Infarction, more commonly referred to as heart attack, occurs when there is lack of oxygen in some parts of the heart due to insufficient blood supply. The most common cause of myocardial infarction is blocked artery or arteries of the heart which impedes blood supply thereby resulting in oxygen not being pumped properly through the heart. This cycle causes heart cells to die, which in turn results in a heart attack. Who Discovered Myocardial Infarction? Studies show that heart disease was first discovered as early as 1550 B.C. by early Egyptians. Scrolls and papyri discovered back in the 1800s contain documentations enumerating how the early Egyptians detected heart diseases and cardiac failure, proving that as early as the 15th B.C., people were already being treated for myocardial infarction. Furthermore, there were details included in the scrolls where certain surgery procedures including operating on the chest indicate that indeed early Egyptians were already knowledgeable...