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Who Discovered Treacher Collins Syndrome?

Who Discovered Treacher Collins Syndrome?
Marked by craniofacial deformities, Treacher Collins syndrome is a rare genetic disorder. Some of its symptoms include conductive hearing loss, small lower jaw or micrognathia and downward slanting eyes. In addition, patients may also experience malformed ears, drooping lower eyelids as well as underdeveloped zygoma. In addition to its symptoms, causes, and treatments, there are other interesting things to know about this disease including who discovered Treacher Collins syndrome. The Discovery of Treacher Collins Syndrome Who discovered Treacher Collins syndrome? An English surgeon named Edward Treacher Collins discovered this medical condition in 1900. During that time, he was able to describe the essential traits of the disease. He was also an ophthalmologist. One of his widely recognized works was entitled “Researches into the Anatomy and Pathology of the Eye,” which was released in 1896. The prevalence of this condition is one in every 10,000 births. Additional Facts and Other...

Who Discovered Diabetes?

Who Discovered Diabetes?
Diabetes, which is scientifically referred to as diabetes mellitus, is a severe medical condition that affects many people from almost all parts of the world. Common symptoms of this disease include increased thirst as well as frequent urination. Aside from its symptoms, causes and treatments, it is also quite interesting to look at other relevant details about the disease including who discovered diabetes. The Discovery of Diabetes Who discovered diabetes? Historical records show that diabetes has been recognized by the Egyptians way back to 1500 B.C. The ancient Greek physician named Aretaeus of Cappadocia coined the term ‘diabetes.’ Some time in the 1600s, the urine of patients who suffered from this particular type of disease was described as sweet. Later on, the term ‘mellitus’ was added by English doctor Thomas Willis in 1675. German scientist Oskar Minkowski and German physician Joseph von Mering successfully described the connection between the pancreas and diabetes. Additional...

Who Discovered Pneumonia?

Who Discovered Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is a very painful disease that affects many people worldwide. It directly affects the lungs, causing them to be inflamed. It is classified into various types, some of the most common of which are parasitic pneumonia, viral pneumonia as well as bacterial pneumonia. Most of the time, patients suffering from this medical condition show signs like breathing difficulty, fever, chest pain and cough. Aside from these highly important things, it is also good to know a little bit of its history including who discovered pneumonia. The Discovery of Pneumonia Who discovered pneumonia? An ancient Greek physician named Hippocrates was the very first one to describe this serious respiratory disease. He lived from 460 B.C. to 370 B.C. He was considered one of the most important individuals in the history of medicine. Furthermore, his contributions are so significant that he is considered until now as the father of medicine. After him came Maimonides, who lived from 1138 to 1204 A.D. He described...

Who Discovered Achondroplasia?

Who Discovered Achondroplasia?
Primarily an autosomal dominant genetic disorder, achondroplasia is one of the common causes of dwarfism. Individuals suffering from this medical condition usually have short stature. For female patients, the average height is 4-feet and ½-inches or 123 centimeters. On the other hand, the average height for male patients is 4-feet and 3½-inches or 131 centimeters. Aside from highly valuable information like symptoms, causes and treatments, it is also nice to know something about its history including who discovered achondroplasia. The Discovery of Achondroplasia Who discovered achondroplasia? A group of scientists led by Dr. John Wasmuth discovered the cause of achondroplasia in 1994. According to their findings, this type of dwarfism resulted from the mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor-3 gene, which is part of the human chromosome 4. Today it affects at least one in every 25,000 live births. Additional Facts and Other Interesting Information In terms of epidemiology, achondroplasia...

Who Discovered Amnesia?

Who Discovered Amnesia?
Amnesia is a highly interesting medical condition wherein the memories of patients are disturbed. A number of factors can cause this serious health problem including disease and trauma, both of which could lead to brain damage. It comes in two major forms, namely retrograde amnesia and anterograde amnesia. Today, it continuously affects many people from various parts of the world. Aside from these and other interesting features, it is good to know who discovered amnesia. The Discovery of Amnesia Who discovered amnesia? A French psychologist named Theodule-Armand Ribot first observed that patients tend to lose recent memories because of retrograde amnesia. Because of this, medical experts started to call the gradients of memory loss as Ribot gradients. Aside from this particular type of amnesia, there is also anterograde amnesia, a medical condition wherein patients are unable to turn their immediate memory into long-term memory. Additional Facts and Other Important Details There are...