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Who Discovered Antarctica?

Who Discovered Antarctica?
At the southernmost portion of the Earth lies a continent known as Antarctica. It is a landmass that is underlying the South Pole, encircled by the Southern Ocean, and lies completely south of Antarctic Circle in the Antarctic region. The continent of Antarctica is considered to be the driest, coldest, and windiest of all the continents on the Earth and it also has the highest average elevation. Permanent residents are nowhere to be found in this area but there are thousands of researchers who are spread out across the continent residing at their various research stations. Who Discovered Antarctica Since the time of Ptolemy, there is already an existing notion that Southern Land or Terra Australis existed to balance the landmasses of the north. Maps during the 16th century were already depicting large landmass on the southern part of the Earth. This hypothetical landmass is constantly present in any European map until the 18th century. Captain James Cook is the one who discovered Antarctica...

Who Discovered South Africa?

Who Discovered South Africa?
Officially recognized as the Republic of South Africa, South Africa is a country that has a coastline measuring 1,739 miles or 2,798 kilometers along the Indian Ocean and Atlantic Ocean. It is close to other countries like Swaziland, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The other nations close to this country are Lesotho, Botswana and Namibia. Some of its most popular cities are Johannesburg, Cape Town and Pretoria. Aside from these highly interesting details, it is nice to know something about the history of this country including who discovered South Africa. The Discovery of South Africa Who discovered South Africa? A Portuguese explorer named Bartolomeu Dias discovered the southernmost part of Africa in 1487, which is known today as the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa. The purpose of that particular exploration was to locate an efficient trade route to India. Before that, it was named the Cape of Storms, which was later renamed by the King of Portugal John II to the Cape of Good Hope or Cabo...

Who Discovered the South Pole?

Who Discovered the South Pole?
The facts about the South Pole show that James Cook was the first to circumnavigate Antarctica. He wasn’t able to land, but seeing the rocks in the ice, realized that there was land beyond it. Some claim American John Davis was the first to land on continental Antarctica on February 7, 1821. It should be noted that Davis’ landing is not accepted by all historians. The Early 1800s Following Cook, several seafarers ventured forth to explore the continent and its surroundings. Among the earliest ones were Capt. Thaddeus Bellingshausen (January 27, 1820), the British explorer Will Smith and Nathaniel Palmer, an American. Another interesting fact about the South Pole is that prior to 1821, no one stayed for extended periods. This changed in the winter of 1821 when 11 British men aboard the British ship Lord Melville stayed there for a winter season. They stayed at the South Shetlands Group, north of the Antarctic Peninsula. The Mid to Late 1800s By this time the existence of Antarctica...

Who Discovered the Mississippi River?

Who Discovered the Mississippi River?
Known as one of the longest rivers in America, the Mississippi River is 2,320 miles or 3,730 kilometers long. The mouth of the river is found in the Gulf of the Mexico while the source is in Minnesota’s Lake Itasca. This river is considered a great part of the most popular and largest river system not just in the United States but also in the entire North America, the Missouri-Mississippi river system. The river is composed of two rivers, which are the Upper Mississippi River and Lower Mississippi River. To know more about this, it is important to start with the person behind the discovery of the river. History Who discovered the Mississippi River? Spanish traveler Hernando De Soto found the river in 1541. He crossed the longest river in the United States to get to Oklahoma, Arkansas and Texas. He named the river Rio del Espiritu Santo. After the discovery of the river, many communities were established near the place. Some of the communities that were established are the Grand Rapids,...

Who Discovered the North Pole?

Who Discovered the North Pole?
As far back as the 16th century, researchers had speculated on the possibility that the North Pole existed. Based on known facts about the North Pole, it was called the Open Polar Sea in the 19th century. The question as to who got there first is subject to debate. Early Expeditions During the 1800s, several explorers tried to reach the North Pole. In 1827, British naval officer William Edward Parry tried, but was forced to turn back. In 1871, an expedition led by American Charles Hall also failed. In 1895 Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen got to 86 degrees 14’ North prior to being forced back. The Italian whaler Stella Polare (led by Luigi Amedeo) got to 86 degrees and 34’. The Early 1900s and Robert Peary The facts about the North Pole expeditions started being disputed around this time. The American Frederick Cook declared he was able to reach the North Pole on April 21, 1908. But his claim is not taken seriously by historians due to lack of supporting...