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Who Discovered the North Pole?

Who Discovered the North Pole?
As far back as the 16th century, researchers had speculated on the possibility that the North Pole existed. Based on known facts about the North Pole, it was called the Open Polar Sea in the 19th century. The question as to who got there first is subject to debate. Early Expeditions During the 1800s, several explorers tried to reach the North Pole. In 1827, British naval officer William Edward Parry tried, but was forced to turn back. In 1871, an expedition led by American Charles Hall also failed. In 1895 Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen got to 86 degrees 14’ North prior to being forced back. The Italian whaler Stella Polare (led by Luigi Amedeo) got to 86 degrees and 34’. The Early 1900s and Robert Peary The facts about the North Pole expeditions started being disputed around this time. The American Frederick Cook declared he was able to reach the North Pole on April 21, 1908. But his claim is not taken seriously by historians due to lack of supporting...

Who Discovered Tennessee?

Who Discovered Tennessee?
Finding out who discovered Tennessee will be a bit hard. For one thing there have been several inhabitants of the area even before western pioneers drove in. The place was inhabited by various peoples covering a span of several thousands of years. It will be a tough task to name that really discovered the territory since there are no records that would indicate that fact. Cultural Phases Though researchers are unable to tell who discovered Tennessee archaeologists were able to decipher several cultural phases in its early history. Each phase covers a specific span of time covering several hundred years or even more. The earliest phase in Tennessee history is the Archaic Phase which spans from 8000 BC to 1000 BC. Next is the Woodland phase spanning from 1000 BC to 1000 AD. Lastly we have the Mississippian Phase from 1000 AD to 1600 AD. Contact with Europeans There were three expeditions into the said area conducted by Europeans. Though such excursions have been the earliest recorded...

Who Discovered America?

Who Discovered America?
The discovery of America is one of the more important milestones in the history of the world. This is because reaching the Americas was the starting point of what would be called as the age of exploration, the era when the modern phenomenon of globalization can trace back its roots. Most may not ask who discovered America since it has been drilled to us since preschool but it is still to important to learn more about the man who discovered America, as he not only discovered America, he discovered a New World and with it, opened new possibilities that had tremendous impact on the course of human history. The man widely regarded as the one who discovered America as we all know, is Christopher Columbus. He wasn’t the first man to reach it though as there were numerous other people who beat him to it including the Native American Indians and the Eskimos. He wasn’t even the first European to set foot in the continent as seafaring Vikings have already reached North America five hundred...

Who Discovered New York?

Who Discovered New York?
New York City is definitely one of the most popular cities not only in the United States, but in the whole world. Due to its stature as the leading center for world trade, finance, and popular culture, among others, many people are very much familiar with the United States’ most populous city. With this familiarity, it should follow that one should also be aware as to who discovered New York. If you are one of such individuals who know much about the city but do not know who discovered New York, then it is high time that you be informed of the following historical tidbits that point to the man who discovered New York. During the age of exploration, numerous world powers such as the Netherlands and Great Britain are carving up the so-called New World, particularly North America. They do this by sending explorers to the continent. These world powers then claim the land that their explorers have ‘discovered’ by sending soldiers and settlers that will colonize their new land holdings. One...

Who Discovered the Grand Canyon?

Who Discovered the Grand Canyon?
One of the most famous and interesting sceneries in the United States, the Grand Canyon is a valley that resulted from the carved landscape of the Colorado River. In order to promote the site, the national government established the first national park in the country at the place, the Grand Canyon National Park. The canyon stretches 446 kilometers and its width ranges from 6.4 kilometers to 29 kilometers. The depth of the place is estimated to be 1.83 kilometers. To know more about this beautiful gorge, let us start exploring the history of the discovery of the place. Historical Background Who discovered the Grand Canyon? According to records, the place was discovered by Native Americans 10,500 years ago. Evidence of early societies have been found at the site. Historians agree that different groups settled in the place such as the Anasazi, the Cohonina, the Cerbat, Paiutes and the Navajo. However, the first recorded non-Native American visit to the place is led by Spanish Captain Garcia...