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Who Discovered Diabetes?

Who Discovered Diabetes?
Diabetes, which is scientifically referred to as diabetes mellitus, is a severe medical condition that affects many people from almost all parts of the world. Common symptoms of this disease include increased thirst as well as frequent urination. Aside from its symptoms, causes and treatments, it is also quite interesting to look at other relevant details about the disease including who discovered diabetes. The Discovery of Diabetes Who discovered diabetes? Historical records show that diabetes has been recognized by the Egyptians way back to 1500 B.C. The ancient Greek physician named Aretaeus of Cappadocia coined the term ‘diabetes.’ Some time in the 1600s, the urine of patients who suffered from this particular type of disease was described as sweet. Later on, the term ‘mellitus’ was added by English doctor Thomas Willis in 1675. German scientist Oskar Minkowski and German physician Joseph von Mering successfully described the connection between the pancreas and diabetes. Additional...

Who Discovered the Conch Shell?

Who Discovered the Conch Shell?
A study of the facts about the conch shell shows that in 1398, it was used to refer to all sea creatures with shells. However, its discovery and use is much older than that. In Mayan art, the conch was depicted as an ink container. The American aboriginals used it as an ornament. The Conch Shell as Food The conch shell’s meat can be consumed raw when eaten with salads. It can also be cooked and eaten like hamburgers. Some people find the white meat to be the most delicious part. Some East Asian culinary cuisines chop it into lean slices. It is fried or steamed. Other food facts about the conch shell will show it is eaten with soups in the West Indies. It is also a popular dish in the Bahamas. In Guam the meat is dipped in soy sauce and flavored with hot sauce or peppers. In El Salvador, the meat is flavored with onion, lemon juice and other species. In Puerto Rico it is flavored with orange juice and eaten raw. Other Uses Conch has been used as a musical instrument for a long time....

Who Discovered Antarctica?

Who Discovered Antarctica?
At the southernmost portion of the Earth lies a continent known as Antarctica. It is a landmass that is underlying the South Pole, encircled by the Southern Ocean, and lies completely south of Antarctic Circle in the Antarctic region. The continent of Antarctica is considered to be the driest, coldest, and windiest of all the continents on the Earth and it also has the highest average elevation. Permanent residents are nowhere to be found in this area but there are thousands of researchers who are spread out across the continent residing at their various research stations. Who Discovered Antarctica Since the time of Ptolemy, there is already an existing notion that Southern Land or Terra Australis existed to balance the landmasses of the north. Maps during the 16th century were already depicting large landmass on the southern part of the Earth. This hypothetical landmass is constantly present in any European map until the 18th century. Captain James Cook is the one who discovered Antarctica...

Who Discovered Copper?

Who Discovered Copper?
Introduction Who discovered copper? Nobody knows. But evidence suggests that copper was the first metal ever discovered and used by man. Or at least one of the oldest. In modern day Iraq, archeologists once found a copper pendant over 10,000 years old. Unlike silver, copper is often found uncompounded in its natural state. So it is likely that humans learned to use copper first, perhaps along with gold and meteoritic iron. History of Copper Two of the world’s oldest civilizations made use of copper – Chaldea and Sumer. They used copper to make military equipment such as bows, arrows, spear heads and helmets. Archeologists have also unearthed small items like copper pins, harpoons blades and pots made of bronze (a copper alloy). Sumerian craftsmen made beautiful sculptures made from copper and mounted them on walls. The Imdugud Relief is a fine example of this. It dates from 3,100BC and shows an eagle with the head of a lion, holding a stag in each claw. Copper can be mixed with other...

Who Discovered Chocolate?

Who Discovered Chocolate?
Introduction Chocolate is made from cacao beans. People have cultivated cacao trees for a very long time. But chocolate as we know it today is a relatively new discovery. Here is a brief history of chocolate and cacao and the various discoveries about them. Cultivation of Cacao The Mesoamericans or ancient Native Americans were the first to cultivate cacao. The Olmec Indians would grow them and harvest the seeds as early as 1,500 BC until their demise in 300 BC. From there the cacao became a prized drink among the Mayan and Azec nobilities. This drink is not like the modern chocolate drink. It was bitter and strongly flavored. In fact, the word “chocolate” derives from a Nahuatl term for “bitter water.” What’s in Chocolate All Mesoamericans made chocolate drink in basically the same way. First, the cacao beans were fermented. Then they were dried and the shells removed. The nibs were then ground and turned to a liquid, the fermented chocolate. Modern chocolate is sweeter than...