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Who Discovered the Archaeopteryx?

Who Discovered the Archaeopteryx?
The archaeopteryx is also called by the name Urvogel, which is a German word that means first bird or original bird. According to the history of science, it is so far the most primitive type of bird known today. It lived approximately 145 to 150 million years ago, specifically during the latter parts of the Jurassic Period. It was discovered in Germany, the shape and size of which are similar to that of European magpies. In addition to these highly interesting details, it is also good to know who discovered the archaeopteryx. The Discovery of the Archaeopteryx Who discovered the archaeopteryx? A German paleontologist named Christian Erich Hermann von Meyer first discovered this primitive form of bird. In 1860, he unearthed a single feather, which is still preserved at Germany’s Humboldt Museum fur Naturkunde in the city of Berlin. However, this feather has yet to be directly connected to the other archaeopteryx skeletons that were found close in the area. In 1861, a local physician by...

Who Discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls?

Who Discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls?
The Discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls The famous Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947 in Qumran by a group of Bedouin goat herders. Qumran is located just a kilometer from the Dead Sea. While looking for a stray goat there, the herders wandered into a cave. They found a set of jars containing old manuscripts. Recognizing some value in this strange find, the Bedouin sold them to a shoemaker named Kando. Kando specialized in the buying and selling of antiquities. Of the seven jars that he’d bought, he sold three of them to Eleazar Sukenik of the Hebrew University. He then sold the other four to Mar Athansius, a member of the Syrian Orthodox monastery. Athansius later brought his scrolls to American School of Oriental Research. Not long adter that, western scholars gathered around the Dead Sea Scrolls like fireflies around light. Read more VN:F [1.9.22_1171]please wait...Rating: 6.0/10 (3 votes cast)

Who Discovered Jupiter?

Who Discovered Jupiter?
Jupiter is among the five planets in our solar system that are visible in the night sky. You can observe this planet without any aid from binoculars or telescopes. Because of its night time visibility, we know that this planet has been seen by people even before anyone has ever recorded history. Because of this we can’t really tell who discovered Jupiter. The planet has always been known even in ancient times. It has also been observed for thousands of years by many different people. Galileo’s Discovery Jupiter was observed by Galileo Galilei on January 7, 1610. Not only was he able to discover the planet he was also able to discover three of the many moons orbiting it. On January 13 of the same year, which is only six nights after, he discovered a fourth moon. The four moons were later dubbed the Galilean Moons. All the moons were named after the lovers of the god Zeus. However, even after Galileo’s discovery we may not credit him as the astronomer who discovered Jupiter. Challenge...

Who Discovered Fireworks?

Who Discovered Fireworks?
Who discovered fireworks? The Chinese discovered fireworks and gunpowder about two millennia ago during the Sung Dynasty. A popular story tells how a cook stumbled upon it when he unintentionally mixed sulphur, saltpeter and charcoal. The mixture was combustible: it burned and when stored in a bamboo case exploded. This may be considered the first fireworks ever made. But not for the same purpose as fireworks are now used—in celebrations. The Chinese had a more urgent issue to deal with. They built rockets powered with this new powder and used them well against the Mongols in the 1200s. A thousand years later, another Chinese man discovered he could make firecrackers. This time it was a Chinese monk from the city of Liu Yung, in Hu Nan province. The monk’s name was Li Tian. His achievement was so significant to the Chinese that they built a temple for him during the Song Dynasty. Since then, the Chinese have been celebrating the discovery of fireworks on April 18 by making offerings...

Who Discovered the North Pole?

Who Discovered the North Pole?
As far back as the 16th century, researchers had speculated on the possibility that the North Pole existed. Based on known facts about the North Pole, it was called the Open Polar Sea in the 19th century. The question as to who got there first is subject to debate. Early Expeditions During the 1800s, several explorers tried to reach the North Pole. In 1827, British naval officer William Edward Parry tried, but was forced to turn back. In 1871, an expedition led by American Charles Hall also failed. In 1895 Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen and Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen got to 86 degrees 14’ North prior to being forced back. The Italian whaler Stella Polare (led by Luigi Amedeo) got to 86 degrees and 34’. The Early 1900s and Robert Peary The facts about the North Pole expeditions started being disputed around this time. The American Frederick Cook declared he was able to reach the North Pole on April 21, 1908. But his claim is not taken seriously by historians due to lack of supporting...