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Who Discovered America?

Who Discovered America?
The discovery of America is one of the more important milestones in the history of the world. This is because reaching the Americas was the starting point of what would be called as the age of exploration, the era when the modern phenomenon of globalization can trace back its roots. Most may not ask who discovered America since it has been drilled to us since preschool but it is still to important to learn more about the man who discovered America, as he not only discovered America, he discovered a New World and with it, opened new possibilities that had tremendous impact on the course of human history. The man widely regarded as the one who discovered America as we all know, is Christopher Columbus. He wasn’t the first man to reach it though as there were numerous other people who beat him to it including the Native American Indians and the Eskimos. He wasn’t even the first European to set foot in the continent as seafaring Vikings have already reached North America five hundred...

Who Discovered the Constellation Taurus?

Who Discovered the Constellation Taurus?
Introduction Taurus is one of the earliest discovered constellations in the world. It is the second sign of the Zodiac falling between Aries and Gemini. Taurus is made up of two groups of stars: the Pleiades and the Hyades. It is quite prominent in the northern hemisphere during winter. Discovery of Constellation Taurus It is not known who discovered the constellation Taurus first. But the constellation was always identified by the ancients with a bull. Some say this connection dates back to the Upper Paleolithic Era. One archeologist believes the Bull is depicted in 17,000 year old caves in Lascaux. Many references were made to Taurus in early history. The Sumerians said it rose in the sky during the spring. This suggests that the constellation was on the Vernal Equinox some 4,000 to 2,000 BC, the “Age of the Bull” in astrology. The Babylonians catalogued Taurus as “the Heavenly Bull.” The Greeks identified it with the divine bull that carried off Europa. Taurus was known to...

Who Discovered Antarctica?

Who Discovered Antarctica?
At the southernmost portion of the Earth lies a continent known as Antarctica. It is a landmass that is underlying the South Pole, encircled by the Southern Ocean, and lies completely south of Antarctic Circle in the Antarctic region. The continent of Antarctica is considered to be the driest, coldest, and windiest of all the continents on the Earth and it also has the highest average elevation. Permanent residents are nowhere to be found in this area but there are thousands of researchers who are spread out across the continent residing at their various research stations. Who Discovered Antarctica Since the time of Ptolemy, there is already an existing notion that Southern Land or Terra Australis existed to balance the landmasses of the north. Maps during the 16th century were already depicting large landmass on the southern part of the Earth. This hypothetical landmass is constantly present in any European map until the 18th century. Captain James Cook is the one who discovered Antarctica...

Who Discovered Ribosomes

 Who Discovered Ribosomes
Known as complexes of protein and RNA present in cells that have nuclei, ribosomes are important to the process in the genetic code expression called translation. These RNA complexes are responsible for messenger RNA (also known as mRNA) binding. Aside from this, it is also important to make the appropriate amino acids sequence. To know more about the functions and characteristics of the protein complexes, it is best if we start with learning the truth behind the discovery of ribosomes. Historical Background Who discovered ribosomes? The RNA complexes were observed and discovered by cell biologist from Rome George Palade in the mid-1950s with the use of a high-powered electron microscope. Because of his discovery, Palade received the Nobel Prize. However, the name was given in 1958 by scientist Richard B. Roberts. Palade identified ribosomes when he and collaborator Philip Siekevit analyzed the molecules that are connected to the endoplasmic reticulum in 1955. The two scientists found that...

Who Discovered the Big Dipper

 Who Discovered the Big Dipper
Introduction The Big Dipper is a group of seven stars. They are a part of the constellation known as Ursa Major. The Big Dipper is so located that it can be used as a point of reference to find other star groups. For example the North Star can be found in a straight line above starting from the two foremost stars of the ladle shape. Because the Big Dipper is clearly visible at night to the naked eye, it must have been known to mankind for as long as he has lived on earth. Discovery and Names of the Big Dipper in Ancient History No single person discovered the Big Dipper. It has been known and catalogued as a group since the earliest civilizations. Many names have been given to the Big Dipper by different peoples. In Britain the cluster of stars was seen as a Plough, Charlie and His Wagon or the Butcher’s Cleaver. In Ireland it was called the Starry Plough and was reputed to have political relevance. Scandinavians probably corrupted the name Charlie and His Wagon to Karlsvogna. Or else...